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Are you experiencing issues with your catalytic converter? If not kept in check, a faulty catalytic converter can lead to more serious and expensive issues. Therefore, it is best to catch the problem as soon as you notice it.
If you are unlucky, you may have to get your catalytic converter replaced. And it is best to check the price in advance to make sure you have the right budget. If you are wondering, what is the catalytic converter replacement cost? Then it’s time to find out…
- What is a Catalytic Converter?
- How a Catalytic Converter Works
- Causes of a Bad Catalytic Converter
- Symptoms of a Bad Catalytic Converter
- So What is the Catalytic Converter Replacement Cost?
- Where to Find a New Catalytic Converter
- Walker Exhaust Standard EPA 15051 Universal Catalytic Converter – Best Replacement Catalytic Converter for pre-OBDII
- MAYASAF 2” Inlet/Outlet Universal Catalytic Converter – Best Replacement Catalytic Converter for Added Performance
- Roadstar New Exhaust Manifold Catalytic Converter – Best EPA Certified Replacement Catalytic Converter
- Catalytic Converter Care
- What is the Catalytic Converter Replacement Cost? – Final Thoughts
What is a Catalytic Converter?
A catalytic converter is commonly referred to simply as a cat and is part of the vehicle’s exhaust system. The cat is positioned between the muffler and the exhaust manifold.
Although most modern cars feature one catalytic converter, many vehicles with dual exhausts actually have two. Some higher-end vehicles feature two cats in-line in order to further reduce harmful emission gases.
The role of a cat converter is to filter out harmful nitric oxide, carbon monoxide, and unburned hydrocarbons. This helps to prevent them from entering the atmosphere while you are driving your car. Without catalytic converters, the smog that is present around most big cities would be much thicker.
How a Catalytic Converter Works
After you start your vehicle, the engine’s toxic gases pass through the catalytic converter. The internal structure of the cat features a honeycomb design. It is made of precious metals like rhodium, palladium, and platinum.
Think that’s cool? Listen to this…
The catalytic converter is designed to function correctly at around 800°F. When it reaches this temperature, a chemical reaction occurs, and the harmful gases are neutralized before emerging from the muffler. They are converted to safer elements such as water, oxygen, and carbon dioxide.
Causes of a Bad Catalytic Converter
Generally speaking, catalytic converters are designed to last a lifetime; therefore, you are unlikely to experience issues. However, there are times when the catalytic converter does fail and needs to be replaced.
In most cases…
Issues with a catalytic converter are caused by a problem with the engine. The most likely cause is excess fuel entering the exhaust system because of an incorrect air/fuel mixture. It can also be caused by faulty spark plugs, a faulty oxygen sensor, or incorrect engine timing.
As a result, the temperature inside the catalytic converter will be too high, and it will start to melt. The interior will begin to break apart and prevent the catalytic converter from functioning correctly.
Symptoms of a Bad Catalytic Converter
Being able to spot signs of a bad catalytic converter can save you a lot of time and money. In some cases, you may find you can repair the cat rather than replacing it. Here are some key signs that your catalytic converter is bad or clogged.
Rotten Egg Smell from the Exhaust
A smell like rotten eggs is a sure sign that there is an issue with your catalytic converter. This is because the cat will not be able to convert the hydrogen sulfide in the gasoline to odorless sulfur dioxide. Instead, the pungent hydrogen sulfide will be expelled from your exhaust.
The Check Engine Light is On
Any time that the Check Engine Light is illuminated on your dashboard, it is a sure sign that something is wrong. This light can be illuminated for a number of reasons. In any case, it is a sure sign that you need to get your engine checked as soon as possible.
If it’s to do with your cat converter…
Modern cars contain oxygen sensors that check the exhaust’s gas levels to monitor the efficiency of the catalytic converter. If the exhaust gases are not being catalyzed correctly, the Check Engine Light will be illuminated.
A diagnostic scan tool will help you get to the root of the issue. If the codes P0420 and P0430 appear, they indicate catalytic converter failure.
A clogged catalytic converter can cause reduced power from the engine. This is likely to be especially noticeable when you try to accelerate to quickly overtake another vehicle.
Good exhaust flow is needed in order for the engine to operate at peak power. In many cases, it may be possible to solve this issue by simply unclogging the catalytic converter.
Parts of the honeycomb construction of the catalytic converter can break apart with excess heat or damage. If this happens, you may notice a rattling noise coming from your vehicle while driving or idling. This sound is likely to be loudest when you start your car.
If you notice a rattling sound, you should replace your catalytic converter as soon as possible. Otherwise, the pieces of dislodged material can move further down the exhaust system and into the muffler. This can cause your vehicle to stall, and it could even stop you from restarting your vehicle.
Reduced Fuel Economy
The reduced airflow caused by a blockage in your catalytic converter results in more fuel being burned. When your car does not have optimal exhaust flow, the acceleration will be affected. As a result, you will be forced to step on the gas pedal more frequently.
The result is that the engine will inject more fuel into the cylinders. This, in turn, produces a richer fuel mixture than is actually needed.
It should be noted that reduced fuel economy could be a symptom of a range of other issues. However, if it is combined with one of the other signs, your catalytic converter is likely faulty.
So What is the Catalytic Converter Replacement Cost?
The precious metals, including platinum and palladium contained in catalytic converters, mean they are not cheap to replace. However, the exact cost of the replacement will depend on several different factors. This includes the make and age of your vehicle, the number of catalytic converters, and the replacement part you choose.
Gasoline Engines 1981 and Newer
Most gasoline engine cars built after 1981 are fitted with a three-way catalytic converter. Because this design is more complicated than those in older vehicles, the replacement cost is typically higher.
The average price you can expect is from $500 to $2,350. The cost of the parts themselves will set you back between $400 and $2,200. Then replacement work takes around an hour at a labor cost of between $75 and $150.
Gasoline Engines Older than 1981 and Diesel Engines
Most diesel engines and gasoline engine cars built before 1981 feature two-way catalytic converters. The overall design is relatively simple, which makes the replacement considerably cheaper.
Well, that’s some good news, at least?
So if you have an older car, the total cost for the catalytic converter replacement should be around $175 to $700. This includes between $100 and $600 for the parts and $75 to $100 for the labor. However, the cost is likely to be higher for rarer and much older vehicles because of the shortage of replacement parts.
Where to Find a New Catalytic Converter
It is possible to save money on replacement costs by supplying your own catalytic converter. Many mechanics will be happy to use a part that you provide them with instead of ordering it themselves. Here are some high-quality catalytic converters that are available to purchase right now.
Walker Exhaust Standard EPA 15051 Universal Catalytic Converter – Best Replacement Catalytic Converter for pre-OBDII
This replacement catalytic converter is designed to be compatible with all pre-OBDII vehicles made in 1995 or earlier. It boasts a stainless-steel body combined with an aluminized pipe and heat shields for enhanced durability. It features an application-specific converter shell design and mat compression. Plus, no converter break is required after installation.
MAYASAF 2” Inlet/Outlet Universal Catalytic Converter – Best Replacement Catalytic Converter for Added Performance
This model is suitable for all vehicles except for those in the states of New York and California. It boasts an HD stainless steel and high flow design to deliver more oxygen and increase performance and power. It is backed up by a two-year or 50,000 miles limited warranty for extra peace of mind.
Roadstar New Exhaust Manifold Catalytic Converter – Best EPA Certified Replacement Catalytic Converter
This particular catalytic converter has been designed to be compatible with the 2007-2012 Nissan Altima, although there are other options available. The leak-resistant design helps to ensure optimum performance, and EPA certification is included. You are treated to a complete installation kit and clear instructions to make the process smooth and straightforward.
Catalytic Converter Care
When it comes to maintaining your catalytic converter so that you never need to replace it again, check out these Best Catalytic Converter Cleaners.
However, as mentioned, your cat convertor is intricately connected with your engine and fuel injection. Therefore, I recommend looking into these Best Engine Degreasers, the Best Engine Air Filters, the Best Fuel Injector Cleaners, the Best Octane Booster, the Best Diesel Fuel Additives, my Best Blow Off Valves Reviews if you have a turbo engine, and my Best Engine Flush Reviews.
Back to today’s topic…
What is the Catalytic Converter Replacement Cost? – Final Thoughts
You can save yourself tons of money and trouble by preventing your catalytic converter from clogging. If you drive short distances on a regular basis, the hydrocarbons may not be burned away completely. This is because the catalytic converter will not be able to get hot enough.
Driving on the highway every once in a while can help to prevent your catalytic converter from getting clogged. Around fifteen minutes of highway driving every week or so should do the trick. This will allow the necessary heat to build up to burn off the hydrocarbon deposits and keep things running smoothly.
Enjoy your vehicle and your rides!